A survey into Egg Development and High quality According to the Years out-of Four Italian Chicken Twin-Purpose Purebred Hens Reared Outside

A survey into Egg Development and High quality According to the Years out-of Four Italian Chicken Twin-Purpose Purebred Hens Reared Outside

New start of eggs laying to possess hens is influenced by genotype, health body position and you will environment criteria. Local types (white eggshell breeds-Padovana and you will Polverara; shaded eggshell breeds-Pepoi, Ermellinata di Rovigo, Robusta Maculata and you will Robusta Lionata) in the Veneto part, from inside the Northern Italy, have been reared external from spring season (6 weeks old; six WA) in order to fall and winter months. The newest start of putting ranged according to the reproduce (22–28 WA): only the shaded eggshell breeds come laying after summer/beginning of autumn, about exposure out-of a bringing down pure photoperiod, therefore the egg manufacturing endured for most weeks. At the 38 WA, fake light are gradually added to the new photoperiod to track down 14L:10D, as well as 42 WA, the six types was basically installing. Getting hens reared external, interactions certainly one of ecosystem, system time and you will nutritional criteria should be thought about. The details into productive produce and you will egg https://lovingwomen.org/sv/blog/gifta-sig-med-en-ukrainsk-kvinna/ quality of the brand new local reproduce hens are useful toward handling of this new wild birds and also for an adequate way to obtain eggs, for both industry as well as for brooding all year round.


The month of hatching and the rearing management, especially temperature and photoperiod, are important factors for pullets and hens reared outdoors. The yield performance and egg quality of dual-purpose chicken breeds from the Veneto region (Italy), Pepoi (PP), Ermellinata di Rovigo (ER), Robusta Maculata (RM) and Robusta Lionata (RL), with different adult body weights (ABW, kg, PP = 1.3; ER = 2.3, RM and RL = 3.1), were studied, using a factorial model (4 ? 2), considering breed and age (26–33 weeks, first age, summer–autumn, under decreasing natural photoperiod-on average, 12L:12D, and 42–53 weeks, second age, winter, under implemented photoperiod-14L:10D) as the main effects and interaction. The chicks hatched in spring, and they started laying at the end of summer/beginning of autumn. Significant ( p < 0.05)>

step 1. Addition

Throughout the last pair age, need for dual-goal chicken breeds has been growing, for biodiversity and you can moral issues. Because of the progress in the hereditary improvements having give results from inside the hybrid hens done-by a number of breeding people all around the globe , biodiversity is one of several trick standards from durability for as well as agriculture . The fresh new moral influence on animal appeal try a deeper crucial concern, and therefore takes into account not just the brand new rearing standards of one’s wild birds however, together with their administration. The new men off egg coating hybrids is slain just after hatching, as they do not perform some practical development and you will slaughtering quality asked to your markets . In addition, crossbreed broilers reveal of several bodily troubles, that do not allow them to has sufficient really-becoming criteria, and you can free-range rearing expertise was broadening while they allow it to be chickens to raised reveal the absolute behavior [3,4]. In the Italy, brand new Veneto region features a long heritage from poultry reproduction, a number of poultry types have been in existence for many years, along with the middle of the last century, specific twin-goal purebreds manufactured having fun with white- and you can brown-eggshell types . The initial profile you to differentiates the latest breeds, according to its source, ‘s the colour of the fresh eggshell, because the poultry genotypes have a separate phylogenetic supply, that have evolved individually throughout the wild Gallus genus just after domestication, and lots of muscles functions disagree between them. After the class advised by the Ghigi, inside 1905, the brand new home-based poultry types would be split into around three groups, based on their morphological, physiological and you will functional services . You can find breeds, being for example wild Gallus genus, proving early increases and sexual maturity and you will a leading production of eggs that have light eggshells. To the contrary, you will find breeds very unlike crazy Gallus , demonstrating put-off progress and you can sexual readiness, low egg production that have brownish eggshells, and you can, throughout the third group, you will find intermediate breeds, called twin-objective types, and this let you know advanced attributes, with more resemblance on the types from the basic otherwise 2nd category . Indeed, it is known your types producing eggs that have white eggshells provides human body increases, good metabolic profile and you can physiology a great deal more ideal for higher egg development than simply brown eggshell types. So it mental condition, well exhibited by white eggshell hybrids [seven,8], implies that the fresh new mineral intake is used for many of your skeletal and you may growth of muscles through to the onset of installing and then used for eggs design, avoiding competition on the taken diet ranging from muscles creativity and you may egg development. Recently, studies, according to SNP number, genotyped of several poultry breeds and you may hybrids across the globe to check on brand new genetic diversity anywhere between and inside the populations towards the productive management of chicken genetic info [9,10]. Variations in hereditary diversity into the people was basically revealed involving the extremely picked industrial coating outlines and lots of African, Southern area American and some regional Far-eastern and you can Eu breeds , and certain Italian types .

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